Staff Report #2 – 2023 – 2032 Capital Budget Program

Staff Report #2

August 31, 2022

To All Commissioners

Re: 2023 – 2032 Capital Budget Program


The Commission:

i) APPROVE the 2023 capital budget program of $16,357,200 comprised of the following programs:

Program Units Amount
Bus replacement 17 $ 12,361,200
Facility upgrades 500,000
Information system software and hardware 550,000
Shop and garage equipment 200,000
Service fleet replacement 130,000
Stop upgrades 116,200
Highbury facility rebuild 2,500,000
Total 17  $16,357,200
Funding  Amount
Province of Ontario (Provincial gas tax)  $ 3,646,500
LTC capital program reserve fund 996,000
City of London 2,479,200
Federal gas tax program – C/L 7,403,000
Provincial – ICIP Project Funding 832,500
Federal ICIP Project Funding 1,000,000
Total  $16,357,200

noting identified funding from the City of London of $2,479,200 and Federal Gas Tax program of $7,403,000 is subject to the approval of Municipal Council as part of the City of London’s 2023 budget approval process; and

ii) DIRECT the administration submit the recommended 2023 capital budget program, and provisional estimates for 2024 to 2032 to civic administration consistent with the City of London’s reporting format.


The recommended 2023-2032 capital budget program as summarized in Enclosure I is predicated on a strategy that focuses investment on maintaining infrastructure in a state of good repair and providing growth capital investment necessary to support the provisional operating estimates for 2020-2023 as set out in Staff Report #3, dated August 28, 2019, and updated for 2023 in Staff Report #1, dated August 31, 2022, and are in keeping with the Commission’s Asset Management Plan.

The following sets out discussion specific to each of the more significant areas of the capital budget program.

New Bus Program

The capital budget for the ten-year period of 2023-2032 calls for the purchase of a total of 194 new replacement and expansion buses at an estimated cost (based upon 2022 dollars) of approximately $144.0 million. As noted in the following table, replacement buses account for 170 of the total 194 buses to be acquired. The numbers reflected in this budget do not include the buses required for the operation of rapid transit on the East London Link and the Wellington Gateway.

The incremental costs associated with a transition to a zero-emission fleet are also not included in the projections given a finalized implementation scheduled has not yet been determined. The pricing included in these projections is based on 40’ and 60’ diesel buses. Once an implementation schedule has been determined, and a source of funding for the incremental costs identified, the capital budget estimates for future years for these programs will be updated.

2023-2032 New Bus Purchases

Description Total Units Amount
Bus Replacement 170  $ 123,612,000
Bus Expansion 24 20,355,800
Total 194  $ 143,967,800

Bus Replacement Program

A key component of the fleet management strategy was the establishment of a progressive fleet replacement program targeted to reach and maintain an average fleet age of six years.

Based on this strategy, over the period of 2023-2032, a total of 170 replacement buses are scheduled to be purchased, requiring a total investment of approximately $123.6 million. The program funding is allocated between the City of London (48%), Federal gas tax program (23%), and Provincial gas tax program (29%), the details of which are set out in the table below.

Summary 2023-2032 Bus Replacement Program

2023 2024-2032 Total
Description Units Amount Units Amount Units Amount
Bus Replacement 17 $ 12,361,200 153 $ 111,250,800 170 $ 123,612,000
Funding % Amount % Amount % Amount
Province of Ontario (PGT) 30%  $ 3,646,500 29%  $ 32,818,500 29% $ 36,465,000
City of London 10% 1,311,700 52% 57,932,300 48% 59,244,000
Federal Gas Tax – C/L 60% 7,403,000 18% 20,500,000 23% 27,903,000
Total $ 12,361,200  $ 111,250,800 $ 123,612,000

Included in the program for 2023 and beyond are additional costs associated with fully replacing the AVLC equipment (MDT & APC units) along with the equipment for the camera system. Historically these parts were swapped out of the retiring buses; however, given the increased amount of technology on board buses, and the rapid pace of change/upgrades to it, this approach is no longer applicable. Equipment in good operating order will be refurbished and placed into inventory for the full fleet as required.

By the end of 2032, the fleet will have an average age of 6.0 years which is consistent with the goal in the Commission’s Asset Management Plan.

Bus Expansion (Existing and New Growth Areas)

The bus expansion capital program supports the direction of the Five Year Service Plan Framework as approved by the Commission at its February 27, 2019 meeting, noting however, with the deferral of service growth in 2020 and now 2023, bus expansion requirements in each of these years has been amended. As such, 2023 will not require additional expansion buses, but the program will remain for 2024-2032, requiring the addition of 29 buses bringing the total fleet to 252 buses by December 2032.

Summary 2023-2032 Bus Expansion Program

2023 2023-2032 Total
Description Units Amount Units Amount Units Amount
Bus Expansion  $ – 24 $ 20,355,800 24  $ 20,355,800
Funding % Amount % Amount % Amount
Provincial Government (ICIP) -%  $ – 33% $ 6,778,500 33%  $ 6,778,500
City of London -% 16% 3,256,800 16% 3,256,800
City of London DC’s -% 11% 2,178,200 11% 2,178,200
Federal Government (ICIP) -% 40% 8,142,300 40% 8,142,300
Total  $ – $ 20,355,800  $ 20,355,800

Of note, the Expansion Bus Program was approved for funding through the Federal/Provincial Investing in Canada Program (ICIP), with both levels of government approving their share of the funding for the program. The ICIP program covers the period from date of approval by both senior levels of government to March 31, 2028, and as such, expansion buses have not been included beyond this point.

The expansion bus program does not include the additional bus requirements related to the implementation of bus rapid transit.

Facility Upgrades & Highbury Facility Rebuild

In February 2019, the Commission approved in principle, the Strategic Assessment of LTC Facility Needs and Path Forward, which ultimately called for the phased replacement of the Highbury Avenue facility. A number of key findings included in the assessment with respect to the Highbury facility are set out below.

  • the main building is now 70 years of age and well past its economic and design life;
  • the building materials and, particularly, the concrete floors in the maintenance and storage areas, are in poor condition and deteriorating;
  • the workplace areas and environment are sub-standard to current, modern facilities; and
  • the existing buildings are energy inefficient and the interior layout, particularly in the maintenance and storage areas, presents on-going operational challenges.

As indicated earlier, given the significant incremental costs associated with moving the facility, a detailed assessment of the feasibility of constructing a new facility at the existing Highbury location was undertaken. The complicating factor with respect to this option is the need to continue to be able to service and maintain a significant portion of the fleet while construction is ongoing. A number of options were considered during this assessment phase, with the final recommended strategy being to rebuild on the Highbury site in a phased manner, providing the ability to continue to service and maintain buses while construction is ongoing. While this path forward is extended and more complicated as compared to a new build, it is the most cost effective when considering the all-in costs associated with both the build and the annual ongoing operating costs.

The previously approved Capital Budget included a placeholder amount of $83.7 million related to facility replacement. With Commission approval in principle of the Zero Bus Implementation Strategy and direction to continue participation in the CUTRIC Joint Procurement initiative, the urgency of replacing the Highbury facility in order to accommodate ongoing ZEB growth, is greater. As set out in Communication #2, dated August 3, 2022, municipal council has directed civic administration to work in cooperation with London Transit to prepare a business case and funding application to the Investing in Canada Infrastructure Program – Public Transit Stream (ICIP-PTS) for a new facility at the Highbury Avenue location. As detailed in Staff Report #5, dated August 31, 2022, this initiative is underway, with the initial step being the update of the facility plan being undertaken by IBI Group. The budget for the Highbury facility rebuild set out in the table represents the amount of funding available from London’s current ICIP-PTS allocations. This number will be updated upon the completion of the facility review, which replacements costs have been fully estimated.

In addition to the costs associated with the replacement of the Highbury facility, the capital budget also includes an annual program for ongoing facility upgrades for the maintenance of both the Highbury and Wonderland facilities which covers building structure, building systems (heat, light, water, air, etc.) as well as grounds and has a budget of $500,000 in 2023.

Summary particulars for both of the 2023-2032 facility programs is set out below.

Summary 2023-2032 Facility Upgrade Program

Description 2023 2024-2032 Total
Facility upgrades  $ 500,000 $ 4,500,000  $ 5,000,000
Highbury facility rebuild 2,500,000 164,500,000 167,000,000
 $ 3,000,000 $ 169,000,000  $ 172,000,000
City of London  $ 1,167,500  $ 48,421,500  $ 49,589,000
Provincial – ICIP Project Funding 832,500 54,778,600 55,611,100
Federal – ICIP Project Funding 1,000,000 65,799,900 66,799,900
$ 3,000,000  $ 169,000,000 $ 172,000,000

Information System Software and Hardware

For 2023-2032, $2,350,000 has been identified for both new and upgraded system software as well as for new and replacement network/server/workstation infrastructure requirements. All program initiatives are prioritized and funded by the capital program reserve fund.

For 2023, $550,000 has been allocated to the program which is supported by the capital program reserve fund. The moneys have been provisionally allocated for:

  • $120,000 for the ongoing replacement/upgrading of system hardware infrastructure i.e. work stations, servers, etc.
  • $80,000 for program updating of various management information data base system upgrades
  • $350,000 for the replacement of the Finance & Human Resources systems that are beyond their expected useful lives.

The recommended capital budget includes a placeholder amount of $200,000 per year for each year thereafter (2024-2032 inclusive). The Information System software and hardware program is directly linked to London Transit’s Technology Plan.

Shop and Garage Equipment

Total investment in shop and garage equipment over the ten-year period of 2023-2032 is set at $2 million. The budget provides for the purchase of new and/or replacement shop and garage equipment. Shop and garage equipment includes such items as steam cleaners, skid steer, forklift, pallet trucks, lifting equipment/systems, floor sweeper/scrubber as well as bus maintenance and servicing tools. The items purchased are based upon need (for new equipment) and useful life assessment when dealing with equipment replacement. The expenditure covers shop and equipment needs at both the 450 Highbury Ave N. facility as well as the 3508 Wonderland Rd S. facility. The program expenditures are fully funded from the capital program reserve fund.

Service Fleet Replacement

The LTC maintains a service fleet of ten vehicles. The vehicles are used by Operations staff (Inspectors), Planning staff and Maintenance staff e.g. mobile mechanic. The replacement of the vehicles is generally based upon a five to ten-year lifespan dependent upon the nature and use of the vehicle. The vehicles to be replaced are subject to a mechanical and structural assessment. For the purpose of the 2023-2032 budget, one vehicle per year is scheduled to be replaced, with the exception of 2023, 2026 and 2029, when two vehicles are planned to be replaced given their current state of repair, for a total investment over the period of $820,000. The investment is fully funded from the capital program reserve fund.

Stop Upgrades

The 2023-2032 capital budget program calls for a total investment of $530,000 in stop upgrades. The stop upgrades program deals with the ongoing annual expansion of the passenger shelter program and installation of cement pads. The installation of passenger shelters is undertaken on a priority basis with the selection being based upon a warrant system that considers boardings, service frequency and site conditions, etc.

Zero Emission Bus Implementation Strategy

As noted above, with the Commission’s approval in principle of the Zero Emission Bus Implementation Strategy the capital budget program has been updated for the purchase of 10 – 40’ electric buses, high powered overhead charging equipment, low powered plug-in charging equipment, civil works for installation of the overhead charging equipment, Wonderland Road facility work regarding grid connection upgrades and overall data collection and analytics. A business case for the project was submitted and approved by civic administration in the City’s 2022 capital budget submission.

The $25.96 million budget is considered a placeholder at this time noting it is based on the estimated costs associated with electric buses and the related required infrastructure as well as the upgrades required for the Wonderland facility. At this time it is anticipated that the initiative will be funded through the Federal government’s Zero Emission Transit Fund (ZETF), which provides funding for up to 50% of the costs associated with the transition to zero emission fleet technology. The request for funding will be finalized and submitted in cooperation with civic administration sometime in early 2023, at which time it is anticipated greater clarity with respect to actual costs will be available. This project has been included in the 2024 capital budget year at this time noting that is when actual expenditures are anticipated to occur.

2022 Capital Budget Program

Included in Enclosure I is also the updated 2022 Capital Program and current projection for the year. Given the ongoing COVID-19 situation, as well as the historical need to carry forward projects that are either unable to be completed or that aren’t required at this time, some of these projects will be carried forward to 2023 and will be included in the Capital budget recosting completed in March 2023. Given they have been approved and have identified funding, they are included as placeholders.


I – Summary 2023-2032 Capital Budget Program

Recommended by:

Mike Gregor, Director of Finance

Katie Burns, Director of Planning

Joanne Galloway, Director of Human Resources

Craig Morneau, Director of Fleet & Facilities

Concurred in by:

Kelly S. Paleczny, General Manager